An analysis of fourth-grade results on the National Assessment of Education Progress from 1990 to 2003. Information from his article will help teachers inform instruction in the elementary mathematics classroom.
Janet Warfield, firstname.lastname@example.org, is an associate professor at Illinois State University, where she teaches both content and methods classes for preservice elementary teachers and graduate courses in mathematics education. Janet Warfield is interested in mathematics teaching in elementary schools and in mathematics teacher education.
Peter Kloosterman, email@example.com, is a professor of mathematics education at Indiana University, where he teaches under-graduate and graduate courses in mathematics education. He is interested in the interpretation of mathematics results from the National Assessment of Education Progress and in students' motivation in, and beliefs about, mathematics.