Brief Report: The Role of Mathematics Teaching in Fostering Student Growth Mindset

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  • 1 Santa Clara University

The belief that mathematics ability is a fixed trait is particularly common and may be a key reason for many students' disinterest and underperformance in mathematics. This study investigates how mathematics teaching practices might contribute to students' beliefs about mathematics ability being a fixed or malleable trait (mindset). Through a synthesis of existing literature and an analysis of data from classroom observations, this article presents a framework of teaching practices and identifies how varying implementations of these practices can be classified along a continuum from conveying fixed-mindset messages to conveying growth-mindset messages related to mathematics ability.

Contributor Notes

Kathy Liu Sun, Santa Clara University, 500 El Camino Real, Guadalupe Hall 255, Santa Clara, CA 95053;

(Corresponding author is Sun
Journal for Research in Mathematics Education


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