In this rejoinder, the authors further detail their positions on the role of gaps analyses in mathematics education research as outlined in the previous 2 articles. They clarify areas of agreement and probe areas of disagreement, focusing on the benefits and dangers they see in either emphasizing educational disparities between groups or shifting the focus to the advancement of particular groups. The authors discuss ways in which their backgrounds have shaped their differences in perspectives and priorities, including whether socioeconomic disparities or racial and ethnic identity are more focal in their work. Suggestions for lessening the dangers of gaps analyses are discussed.
Sarah Theule Lubienski, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 303 Education Building, Champaign, IL 61820; firstname.lastname@example.org
Rochelle Gutiérrez, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1310 South Sixth Street, Champaign, IL 61820; email@example.com