A task about locating a lost cell phone illustrates the Common Core elements of mathematical modeling. An assessment rubric helps teachers evaluate student work critically.
Cynthia Oropesa Anhalt and Ricardo Cortez
Mathew D. Felton, Cynthia O. Anhalt and Ricardo Cortez
Future middle school teachers tested the waters of modeling in the classroom with a bath versus shower water conservation problem.
Julia M. Aguirre, Cynthia O. Anhalt, Ricardo Cortez, Erin E. Turner and Ksenija Simic-Muller
Two major challenges in mathematics teacher education are developing teacher understanding of (a) culturally responsive, social justice–oriented mathematics pedagogies and (b) mathematical modeling as a content and practice standard of mathematics. Although these challenges may seem disparate, the innovation described in this article is designed to address both challenges in synergistic ways. The innovation focuses on a mathematical modeling task related to the ongoing water crisis in Flint, Michigan. Through qualitative analysis of instructor field notes, teachergenerated mathematical models, and teacher survey responses, we found that teachers who participated in the Flint Water Task (FWT) engaged in mathematical modeling and critical discussions about social and environmental justice. The evidence suggests that integrating these 2 foci–by using mathematical modeling to investigate and analyze important social justice issues–can be a high-leverage practice for mathematics teacher educators committed to equity-based mathematics education. Implications for integrating social justice and mathematical modeling in preservice and in-service mathematics teacher education are discussed.