Try these meaningful alternative approaches to helping students make sense of word problems.

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### Stefanie D. Livers, Kristin E. Harbour, and Lindsey Fowler

In our attempts to make a concept easier, we may hinder student learning.

### Emily Dardis and Megan H. Wickstrom

Modifications to a first- and second-grade STEAM activity, Elephant Toothpaste, highlight ways to emphasize mathematical thinking by running multiple experiments, posing mathematical questions, and having students make both qualitative and quantitative observations. Contributors to the iSTEM department share ideas and activities that stimulate student interest in the integrated fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in K–grade 5 classrooms.

### Clayton M. Edwards, Rebecca R. Robichaux-Davis, and Brian E. Townsend

Three inquiry-based tasks highlight the planning, classroom discourse, positive results, and growth in one class's journey.

### Stephen Phelps

### Edited by Anna F. DeJarnette

A monthly set of problems targets a variety of ability levels.

### P. Reneé Hill-Cunningham

Hundreds of species of animals around the world are losing their habitats and food supplies, are facing extinction, or have been hunted or otherwise negatively influenced by humans. Students learn about some of these animals and explore multiple solution strategies as they solve this month's problems. Math by the Month features collections of short activities focused on a monthly theme. These articles aim for an inquiry or problem-solving orientation that includes four activities each for grade bands K–2, 3–4, and 5–6.

### Megan H. Wickstrom, Elizabeth Fulton, and Dacia Lackey

Use those multicolored linking bricks to help students connect measurement with an understanding of number and operations as well as fractions.

### Natasha E. Gerstenschlager and Jeremy F. Strayer

Short, mathematical discussions can elicit students' reasoning and focus on foundational ideas.

### Stephen Phelps

### Edited by Anna F. DeJarnette

A monthly set of problems is aimed at a variety of ability levels.

### Jennifer Suh, Sara Birkhead, Rachelle Romero Farmer, Terrie Galanti, Alexandrea Nietert, Tyler Bauer, and Padmanabhan Seshaiyer

Working with a mathematics coach and university researchers in a K-4 lesson study, teachers increase their understanding of student abilities in a fair-share sandwich problem.