This task sequence for adding and subtracting like terms—grounded in the concepts of equivalence and algebra as generalized arithmetic—helps students see connections between concepts and procedures in algebra.

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## Building Algebraic Procedures From Concepts: Like Terms

### Leah M. Frazee and Adam R. Scharfenberger

## Harnessing the Power of a Single-Number Number Talk

### Alison Williams and Lisa Lamb

Easy to implement, this strategy has a powerful positive impact in mathematics classrooms.

## Adaptations to Support the Flint Water Task

### Dana L. Grosser-Clarkson and Joanna S. Hung

This Perspectives on Practice manuscript focuses on an innovation associated with “Engaging Teachers in the Powerful Combination of Mathematical Modeling and Social Justice: The Flint Water Task” from Volume 7, Issue 2 of *MTE*. The Flint Water Task has shown great promise in achieving the dual goals of exploring mathematical modeling while building awareness of social justice issues. This *Perspectives on Practice* article focuses on two adaptations of the task—gallery walks and What I Know, What I Wonder, What I Learned (KWL) charts—that we have found to enhance these learning opportunities. We found that the inclusion of a gallery walk supported our students in the development of their mathematical modeling skills by enhancing both the mathematical analyses of the models and the unpacking of assumptions. The KWL chart helps students document their increase in knowledge of the social justice issues surrounding the water crisis. Using the mathematical modeling cycle to explore social justice issues allows instructors to bring humanity into the mathematics classroom.

## Mathematical Discussions: Revealing Biases

### Ashley Schmidt, Treshonda Rutledge, Tandrea Fulton, and Sarah B. Bush

Do you use mathematical discussions to increase engagement in your classroom? In this Front and Center article, authors provide a discourse tool that can be used to reveal potential biases found in the implementation of the Five Practices.

## Tackling Tangential Student Contributions

### Blake E. Peterson, Shari L. Stockero, Keith R. Leatham, and Laura R. Van Zoest

Do your students ever share ideas that are only peripherally related to the discussion you are having? We discuss ways to minimize and deal with such contributions.

## GPS: Rewriting Quantities and Expressions

### S. Asli Özgün-Koca and Monica G. McLeod

Growing Problem Solvers provides four original, related, classroom-ready mathematical tasks, one for each grade band. Together, these tasks illustrate the trajectory of learners’ growth as problem solvers across their years of school mathematics.

## Take a Seat at the Equation Café

### Sandra Vorensky

Design projects to encourage your students’ self-efficacy and motivate mathematics learning by helping them apply their prior knowledge from real-world experiences.

## Puddle Play!

### Deanna Pecaski McLennan

## Student Engagement with the “Into Math Graph" Tool

### Amanda K. Riske, Catherine E. Cullicott, Amanda Mohammad Mirzaei, Amanda Jansen, and James Middleton

We introduce the Into Math Graph tool, which students use to graph how “into" mathematics they are over time. Using this tool can help teachers foster conversations with students and design experiences that focus on engagement from the student’s perspective.

## Conditional Reasoning Online with Mastermind

### Sean P. Yee, George J. Roy, and LuAnn Graul

As mathematical patterns become more complex, students' conditional reasoning skills need to be nurtured so that students continue to critique, construct, and persevere in making sense of these complexities. This article describes a mathematical task designed around the online version of the game Mastermind to safely foster conditional reasoning.