Process-oriented, question-asking techniques provide a framework for approaching modern challenges, including modality pivots and student agency.

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### Catherine A. Little, Sherryl Hauser, Jeffrey Corbishley, and Introduction by: Denise M. Walston

From the Archives highlights articles from NCTM’s legacy journals, as chosen by leaders in mathematics education.

### Madelyn W. Colonnese

A teacher implements this type of personal prose in the classroom to help students make sense of fractions and communicate ideas.

### Mollie Siegel, Cathy Sinnen, and Penny Smits

Ear to the Ground features voices from several corners of the mathematics education world.

### Lybrya Kebreab, Sarah B. Bush, and Christa Jackson

Mathematics education can be positioned as fertile ground for societal change. This article deconstructs the complex work of supporting students’ positive mathematical identities by introducing pedagogical fluency to embody equitable beliefs and practices.

### Erin Smith

Teachers’ positioning can affect multilingual learners’ participation, identity, and mathematical success. Learn what positioning is and how to productively position multilingual learners in your classroom.

### Amanda K. Riske, Catherine E. Cullicott, Amanda Mohammad Mirzaei, Amanda Jansen, and James Middleton

We introduce the Into Math Graph tool, which students use to graph how “into" mathematics they are over time. Using this tool can help teachers foster conversations with students and design experiences that focus on engagement from the student’s perspective.

### Katherine Baker, Naomi A. Jessup, Victoria R. Jacobs, Susan B. Empson, and Joan Case

Productive struggle is an essential part of mathematics instruction that promotes learning with deep understanding. A video scenario is used to provide a glimpse of productive struggle in action and to showcase its characteristics for both students and teachers. Suggestions for supporting productive struggle are provided.