Teachers can implement a mathematics language routine within in-person/hybrid and remote instructional contexts.

# Browse

### Margaret Rathouz, Nesrin Cengiz-Phillips, and Angela S. Krebs

Issues of equity in mathematics classrooms existed prior to COVID-19. For many students, however, meaningful participation in mathematical discussions became nearly impossible in online settings during the pandemic. In this study, we note the diversity in and nature of participation in mathematical discourse in an online course for preservice teachers (PSTs). We investigate the influence of implementing two support strategies for discussion: (a) establishing a “rough-draft/revision” orientation to mathematical tasks; and (b) providing time and structure (tasks and prompts) in an online discussion board for PSTs to post their initial thoughts, react to peers’ solutions, and collectively revise their ideas. In this article, we highlight several benefits of these support strategies to equitable PST participation in a unit on number theory. For example, as compared with oral discussions where only a few PSTs offered their ideas, the written discussion format encouraged every PST to post their ideas. Using a rough-draft/revision stance in the prompts fostered sharing and revealed diverse mathematical approaches, perspectives, and ideas. We argue that giving students opportunities to interact with one another and the mathematics in a variety of ways promotes equitable participation.

### Courtney K. Baker, Terrie M. Galanti, Kimberly Morrow-Leong, and Tammy Kraft

The Teaching for Robust Understanding framework facilitates online collaborative problem solving with digital interactive notebooks that position all students as doers of mathematics.

### Sabrina De Los Santos Rodríguez, Audrey Martínez-Gudapakkam, and Judy Storeygard

An innovative program addresses the digital divide with short, engaging videos modeling mathematic activities sent to families through a free mobile app.

### Xi Yu

When learning is virtual and students’ webcams are turned off, the ways that we interacted in an in-person classroom fall short. These six strategies for hearing from all students during whole-group instruction and small-group work honor students’ need to keep their webcams off.

### Maria de Hoyos

To ensure that technology use benefits all students, it must be accessible with respect to cost and ease of use. Moreover, technology needs to be integrated by considering it from the perspective of the curriculum.

### Allison W. McCulloch, Jennifer N. Lovett, Lara K. Dick, and Charity Cayton

The authors discuss digital equity from the perspective of using math action technologies to position all students as mathematics explorers.

### Amanda K. Riske, Catherine E. Cullicott, Amanda Mohammad Mirzaei, Amanda Jansen, and James Middleton

We introduce the Into Math Graph tool, which students use to graph how “into" mathematics they are over time. Using this tool can help teachers foster conversations with students and design experiences that focus on engagement from the student’s perspective.

### Catherine Tabor

A programming activity helps students give meaning to the abstract concept of slope.

### Kenneth A. Whaley

Students develop skills as twenty-first century learners and researchers by using Timeglider™ to explore famous mathematicians in a culturally responsive manner.