Learn about strategies and tools to examine and improve your practice with respect to fostering equitable small-group, student-to-student discourse.

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### Deanna Pecaski McLennan

Use the language of mathematics to explore diversity in kindergarten.

### Kevin Voogt and Kristen Bieda

This article explores one novice mathematics teacher educator’s initial use of the Mathematical Quality in Planning Protocol, an innovative tool that was developed to assist in providing feedback on the mathematical quality of novice mathematics teachers’ lesson plans. The protocol was devised to help mathematics teacher educators bridge the gap between prospective teachers’ mathematical content knowledge and their mathematical content knowledge for teaching. Results of our analysis on an initial use of the protocol point to its potential as a tool to help mathematics teacher educators direct their feedback from being overly focused on the pedagogical aspects of the lesson (e.g., timing, planned activities) to the mathematical content prospective teachers are attempting to teach (e.g., anticipated student solutions, problem-solving strategies).

### Tutita M. Casa, Cindy M. Gilson, Micah N. Bruce-Davis, E. Jean Gubbins, Stacy M. Hayden, and Elizabeth J. Canavan

Learn how to identify, adapt, and create writing prompts to capitalize on the insights you gain about each of your student’s thinking.

### Carrie Plank and Sarah Roller Dyess

Use these three strategies to support student perseverance and discourse about context.

### Elisabeth Warden

Young adult literature can be used in secondary mathematics classrooms as a tool for students to develop and explore their own mathematical questions.

### Chris Harrow and Justin Gregory Johns

Problems to Ponder provides 28 varying, classroom-ready mathematics problems that collectively span PK–12, arranged in the order of the grade level. Answers to the problems are available online. Individuals are encouraged to submit a problem or a collection of problems directly to mtlt@nctm.org. If published, the authors of problems will be acknowledged.

### Amanda T. Sugimoto

Mathematics standards and practices highlight the vital role that language plays in mathematics education. However, there remains a common misconception that mathematics is somehow language-free or less linguistically demanding than other content areas. This qualitative study describes an intervention implemented in six elementary mathematics methods courses. The intervention was designed to attune prospective teachers’ noticing to the language modalities and supports in mathematics teaching and learning. The intervention began with an observation tool that prospective teachers completed in their field placement classrooms. This article classifies prospective teachers’ noticings and explicates how these noticing became a pedagogical catalyst for further learning and discussion in subsequent mathematics methods classes.

### Jody Guarino, Shelbi Cole, and Michelle Sperling

In a humanized approach to assessment, the design of the instrument itself is only a small part of the overall process.

### Kaycie Maddox

This department provides a space for current and past PK–12 teachers of mathematics to connect with other teachers of mathematics through their stories that lend personal and professional support.