Instructional activities designed to encourage relational thinking in primary-grades classrooms can give students advantages when they reason about subtraction.

Supplementary Materials

    • Supplemental Materials (PDF 68 KB)

Contributor Notes

Ian Whitacre,, is an assistant professor in the School of Teacher Education at Florida State University.

Robert C. Schoen,, is the associate director of the Florida Center for Research in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (FCR-STEM) at Florida State University.

Zachary Champagne,, is an assistant in research at FCR-STEM.

Andrea Goddard,, is the elementary school mathematics curriculum developer for Leon County Schools. The four authors are interested in using what they learn about children's mathematical thinking to offer practical recommendations to help improve mathematical learning experiences for all students.

(Corresponding author is Whitacre author is Schoen author is Champagne author is Goddard
Teaching Children Mathematics


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 180 150 12
Full Text Views 115 90 7
PDF Downloads 113 87 10
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0