Use these principles for constructing and choosing tasks that blend seamlessly into the school day, guide your teaching, and preserve precious instructional time.

Contributor Notes

Kristen E. Reed,, a research scientist, and distinguished scholar

E. Paul Goldenberg,, both work at Education Development Center in Waltham, Massachusetts. With their colleagues, they have written sixteen formative assessment instructional tasks for Partnership for Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) that are similar to the three described in this article. These tasks can be accessed at using your state or district log in. (Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of PARCC.)

(Corresponding author is Reed author is Goldenberg
Teaching Children Mathematics


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