The implementation of CCSSM helped this teacher think about how to use different representations to help fourth-grade students increase their conceptual understanding of fractions.

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Contributor Notes

Donald N. Sarazen,, teaches fourth grade at H. B. Rhame Elementary School in Columbia, South Carolina. He enjoys engaging his students in real-world mathematical problem solving and having his students interact with their community.

Edited by Megan Kelly Murray,, at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville; and Jane Moore,, an associate professor at National Louis University in Chicago, Illinois. E-mail your insights into a student's mathematical thinking to Include Back Talk in the subject line. Find detailed submission guidelines for all departments at

(Corresponding author is Sarazen
(Corresponding author is Murray
(Corresponding author is Moore
Teaching Children Mathematics
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