El Niño (Spanish for “The Boy”) is a climate pattern that occurs when water in the Pacific Ocean near the equator gets hotter than usual and affects worldwide atmosphere and weather. El Niño climate conditions occur every few years but are unpredictable. La Niña (Spanish for “The Girl”) is a climate pattern representing the cooling of the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, which impacts worldwide weather and climate conditions.
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Hoyun Cho, firstname.lastname@example.org, is an assistant professor of math education in the Department of Education at Capital University in Columbus, Ohio.
Dustin K. Hardgrove is a student at Capital University.