Students process open-number problems through various ways of thinking. The patterns emerged from the authors' research on student thinking about integers and are connected to teaching tips for the classroom.
Nicole M. Wessman-Enzinger, email@example.com, is a Ph.D. candidate in mathematics education at Illinois State University in Normal. She is interested in student thinking about negative integers and how students make sense of the integers through contexts.
Edward S. Mooney, firstname.lastname@example.org, is a professor in the mathematics department at Illinois State University.