As a mathematics education researcher, my biggest surprise this past year has been to learn that behaviorism continues to be alive and well and on the way to having profound effects on mathematics education in this country in the coming years. Once again, California is leading the way. The California State Board of Education is taking seriously the law (California Education Code 60200c-3) demanding that standards and frameworks be research based. In order to make certain that this law is carried out, the Board last summer funded a project to identify research findings in mathematics education relevant to the development of mathematics standards and a mathematics framework. One cannot argue with this decision. It is the details of the decision that concern me.